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Showing posts from December, 2021

Simple Past and Past Perfect

Simple Past :  The Simple Past Tense is used for describing an action that is completed in the past. We use the second form of the verb ( V2 ) in this tense.   Examples:  The teacher moved the table to the corner. Isha went to bed at 10 p.m. yesterday.   The Simple Past is also used to describe an action that occurred habitually in the past. Examples: T hey  p ractised  football   every morning last month. He smoked cigarettes daily last year.   Past Perfect :  The Past Perfect Tense is used for events that happened up to a certain point of time in the past. The verb form in this tense is ‘had+V3’ Examples:  The girls had finished the chips by the time they reached the park. Saleem had learned driving before he was 15. When two actions took place in the past, the earlier action takes the Past Perfect and the later action will be in the Simple Past. We generally use ‘before’ or ‘after’ as conjunctions in these situations. Examples:  The buglers had escaped before the police arrive

Polite Requests

We are very frequently in need of help from others. In such cases, it is offensive to seek the help in direct words.    ' Give me your Maths notebook'.    Look at the sentence. It is too direct to be polite. It’s OK if we say those words to close friends. But,  others may consider them to be impolite. So, the top-most priority should be given to learning how to seek help politely. Here, I will tell you how to change a direct request into a polite request. Look at the following sentence. ‘Lend me some money’   The polite ways of seeking the above help are:     ‘ Please, lend me some money’     ‘Could you lend me some money?’     ‘Would you mind lending me some money?’   ‘Will you lend me some money?’     ‘I wonder if you could lend me some money?’     ‘I would be grateful if you could lend me some money’     ‘ Would you mind lending me some money?’     ‘ May I ask you to lend me some money?’    

'If' Clauses

  ‘If’ clauses are also called 'Conditional Clauses'. There are three types of ‘If’ clauses. They are:    Type 1 :   It is possible and very likely the condition will be fulfilled                 ( Simple Present + will/can/may ) Examples:  If you bring your notebook, we can complete the project work. If Yamini takes the tablets, the fever will go.  If there is less pollution, we may see good rains. Type 2 :  It is possible but very unlikely the condition will be fulfilled                 ( Simple Past + would/could/might ) Examples:  If they  found him, they  would give him your mobile number. If Kavya brought apples here, he  could eat them. If they met him, they might tell him the story. We, sometimes, use Type 2 in hypothetical situations  If I were PM, I would provide everyone with free education and free health.   Type 3 :  It is impossible that the condition will be met because it talks about the past                 ( Past Perfect + would/could/might + hav

Parts of Speech

Let’s learn ‘Parts of Speech’ briefly today.  Every sentence consists of small parts, i.e., words. Each word of a sentence acts differently according to its role in the sentence. So, we name the word according its role in the sentence. Such type of division is called 'Parts of Speech'.  There are eight parts of speech in the English Language. These are also called ‘word classes’. They are: 1. Nouns                 2. Pronouns                3. Verbs                     4. Adjectives 5. Adverbs              6. Prepositions           7. Conjunctions         8. Interjections   1. Noun : A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, idea, or emotion. Examples:    Anupama is a smart girl. The government has started a new health project . Hatred does not beget love . Excessive use of diesel is harming the environment . ( All the highlighted words are nouns )   2. Pronoun : A pronoun is a word which is used in the place of a noun or noun phrase in order to avoid repetition. Examp

Framing Questions

We are now going to learn how to frame questions from statements.   There are two types of questions in the English Language.   1. ‘Yes/No’ Questions   2. ‘Wh’ Questions   Let’s see how we frame these questions using the highlighted words.      #  Haritha made some noodles.       Who made noodles?  #  Neetu wished her teacher .      Who did Neetu wish? / Whom did Neetu wish?   #  The fan has fallen on the floor.     What has fallen on the floor?   # She goes walking every morning.    What does she usually do every morning?   # Anjali   went to Mumbai last month.   Where did Anjali go last month?   #  Yes , he likes cats.   Does he like cats?   # Her uncle will come tomorrow .     When will her uncle come?   # This is Gita’s pen.   Whose pen is this?   # Sam stayed at school to complete the project work.     Why did Sam stay at school?   # They stayed in Chennai for a week .     How long did they stay in Chennai?   # Keerthi gets Rs 50,000 salary from her job.     How much salary d

Prepositions of Place

Preposition:   It is the word which usually comes before a noun or pronoun and tells us its relationship with other parts of the sentence.   Preposition of Place:   It is the preposition which is used for referring to a place where something or someone is located.  Please take note of some important prepositions of place which are highlighted in the following sentences.  * I will wait for her at the railway station.  * Nivetha   was born in   Chennai .   *  Bina comes from   West Bengal . *  Vijayawada lies on the Krishna. *  Our house is beside the Post Office. *  His house is between the SBI and the Supermarket. *  The dog ran towards the thief. *  The thief jumped over the wall to escape the dog. *  Leela is leaning against the wall. *  Jyothi lives in the apartment by the pond. *  Their house is near   The Dmart. *  We were sitting around the table to count the notes. *  The Government built a new bridge across that river. *  I pasted a wall-paper above my computer tabl