Skip to main content


Modal Auxiliaries

   Modal Verbs express the attitude of the speaker. They indicate possibility, ability, obligation, suggestion, willingness, potential, expectation, or permission.   1.  May and M ight are used to express possibility of something. May shows greater possibility than might . Examples:     * Saritha may come tomorrow. * Tina might come tomorrow. ( The probability of Saritha’s coming is higher than Tina’s )   2.  Can indicates ability but Could indicates ability with an option. Examples:   * I can do that work.      ( I am sure ) * I could do that work.   ( I am not so sure )   #  Can is also used for present ability and Could is used for past ability Examples:   * Rahim can lift a 50 kg with one hand.    ( The present ability ) * Venkat could run 10 km an hour when he was young.  ( The past ability )       3.  Must and have   to are used when we think that it is necessary to do something. Examples:   * James must attend the party in order to meet her. * I have to go now.

Past Simple and Past Continuous

                                                                      Past Simple:   It shows us that an action took place in the past. Verb takes its second form ‘ V2 ’ Examples:    * We went to the cinema yesterday. * Neetu danced at the party last night. * Kareem was born in Vijayawada.   The Past Simple is also used for the past habits.   Examples:   * He smoked a lot when he was young.                        (or) * He used to smoke a lot when he was young.     Past Continuous:  It shows some action that was happening at some point of time in the past.                     I/He/she/it/singular -- was + verb +ing    We/they/we/you/plural – were + verb +ing                              Examples:   * They were playing cricket all the evening yesterday. * I was living in Guntur 10 years ago. * Rakesh called you yesterday. But, you didn’t lift the phone. What were you doing ?   Using Past Simple and Past Continuous in the same sentence:   If two actions took place at the same tim