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Present Perfect




Present Perfect : The Present Perfect is formed with ‘has/have + the Past Participle


* The Present Perfect is used for the actions that started in the past and completed just now.

Examples: 

Adah has just returned from Chennai.

I have finished the breakfast just now.


* Present Perfect is also used for an action that began in the past  and is going on at present.

Examples:

Seetha has lived in Guntur all her life. ( She is still living there )

They have been married for nearly twenty years. ( They are still in the marital relationship )

 

* Present Perfect is used for the past actions which are still relevant.

Examples: 

I left my bike at home. I have lost its keys.

Maria is not at home, she has gone to the market.

 

* The following adverbs are used with Present Perfect when referring to the recent past.

Recently, just, so far, until now, ever, yet, never

Examples: 

The scientists have recently discovered the neurological causes of Alzheimer disease.

Have you ever seen a camel?

So far, I have saved only a few bucks.

Has he finished the dinner yet?

They have never experienced such difficulties.                  

        

* We sometimes use ‘since’ and 'for' in the Present Perfect

Examples: 

I have learned French since I left my school.

We have lived here for eight years. 

My wife has been watching the serial since it started.

He has taught at that school for a long time. 


Practice

Write at least ten sentences of your own in present perfect tense. 





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