Skip to main content

What is a 'clause'?




Shall we learn what a clause is?

Clause : A clause is a group of words which resembles a phrase, but it has its own subject and predicate.

Types of clauses: Clauses can broadly be divided into two types.

1. Independent Clause.

2. Dependent Clause.


1. Independent Clause: An Independent Clause is a group of words in a sentence which has complete meaning and can stand on its own. It is also called the main clause of the sentence. The Independent Clauses can combine with other clauses and form complex and compound sentences.

Examples: 

Roshni ate some noodles when she got hungry yesterday.

We love this restaurant because the service here is excellent.

Raveena switched on the TV to divert her son’s attention.


2. Dependent Clause: A Dependent Clause can’t stand on its own but depend upon the main clause to make complete sense.

Examples: 

If you practise hard, you will win the game.

Tommy was extra careful while crossing the road.

Everybody stayed inside because there was heavy snow.


Dependent Clauses can again be divided into many types. They are:

a) Noun Clause

b) Adverb Clause

c) Adjective Clause

d) Conditional Clause

e) Relative Clause


(We shall discuss these Dependent Clauses in detail elsewhere on this website.)


Practice

Identify whether the following highlighted clauses are dependent or independent

1. If I were PM, I would provide free education and health facilities to all the citizens of our country. 

2. They came here yesterday to meet him. 

3. Call 101 in case of fire accident. 

4. The robbers fled the place as they heard the police siren

5. Naresh is sad because his father has scolded him. 



                 


Popular posts from this blog

Linkers

Linkers are the words that are used to combine two or more clauses or sentences. These are also called ‘ connectors ’. Look at the following sentences and observe how we connected them with the help of the linkers that are given in the brackets. 1. It was raining. My father went for a walk. ( Although ) Although it was raining, my father went for a walk. 2. Lilly studies well. Her brother doesn’t study much. ( whereas ) Lilly studies well whereas her brother doesn’t.   3. Kriti had high fever. She did her exams very well. ( In spite of ) In spite of her high fever, Kriti did her exams very well.   4. The weather was bad. We cancelled the program. ( Due to ) Due to bad weather, we cancelled the program.   5. The food was good. It was heavy. ( However ) The food was good; however, it was heavy.   6. Take healthy food. You will not get sick. ( otherwise ) Take healthy food, otherwise, you will get sick.   7. Kareem had a headache. He went to school. ( even so ) Kareem had a headache, ev

Articles 'a' or 'an'

There are two articles in the English Language: 1) the indefinite article ( ‘a’ or ‘an’ ) 2) the definite article ( ‘the’ ) Usage of indefinite article ( ‘a’ or ‘an’ ): 1. The indefinite article is used with a singular countable noun. The article ‘a’ is used before a word that begins with a consonant sound, while ‘an’ is used before a word that begins with a vowel sound. ( There are 20 vowel sounds and 24 consonant sounds in English ) a pen  a choice  a tall building an employee  an oak tree  an interesting story 2. Some words start with a vowel letter ( a, e, i, o, u ), but have a consonant sound. So, ‘a’ is used before them a university  a universal rule  a European woman 3. There are some words which start with a silent ‘h’. In such cases, ‘an’ is used. an hour  an honest man  an honourable teacher  an heir But, when ‘h’ is pronounced, we use ‘a’ a humble man  a hint  a humorous person  a historian 4. ‘An’ is used before abbreviations which begin with A, E, F, H, I, L, M, N, O, R, S

Prepositions of Agency, Possession, and Reason

Now, we shall learn the Prepositions  of Agency, Possession, and Reason. * Prepositions of Agency and Instrumentality # by: The thief was arrested by the police. I am going to send the parcel by post tomorrow. Gora was written by Tagore. # with : Mohan has beaten Hemu with a stick. The workers have cut the tree down with an axe. # through : Vinaya heard about the vacancy through a friend. You can achieve success only through hard work. * Prepositions of Possession # to: This house belongs to our MLA. # with: The dog with brown spots is my pet. # of: Ottawa is the capital of Canada. * Prepositions of Reason # for: Ambedkar worked for the upliftment of the disadvantaged. # from: Mitesh is suffering from fever. # of: My grandmother died of Cholera. # because: They didn’t attend the meeting because their car met with an accident. Practice Use appropriate prepositions in the following blanks 1. I entered the hotel and placed an order _________ a plate of Idli.  2. Gopi earned millions

Parts of Speech

Let’s learn ‘Parts of Speech’ briefly today.  Every sentence consists of small parts, i.e., words. Each word of a sentence acts differently according to its role in the sentence. So, we name the word according its role in the sentence. Such type of division is called 'Parts of Speech'.  There are eight parts of speech in the English Language. These are also called ‘word classes’. They are: 1. Nouns                 2. Pronouns                3. Verbs                     4. Adjectives 5. Adverbs              6. Prepositions           7. Conjunctions         8. Interjections   1. Noun : A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, idea, or emotion. Examples:    Anupama is a smart girl. The government has started a new health project . Hatred does not beget love . Excessive use of diesel is harming the environment . ( All the highlighted words are nouns )   2. Pronoun : A pronoun is a word which is used in the place of a noun or noun phrase in order to avoid repetition. Examp

Framing Questions

We are now going to learn how to frame questions from statements.   There are two types of questions in the English Language.   1. ‘Yes/No’ Questions   2. ‘Wh’ Questions   Let’s see how we frame these questions using the highlighted words.      #  Haritha made some noodles.       Who made noodles?  #  Neetu wished her teacher .      Who did Neetu wish? / Whom did Neetu wish?   #  The fan has fallen on the floor.     What has fallen on the floor?   # She goes walking every morning.    What does she usually do every morning?   # Anjali   went to Mumbai last month.   Where did Anjali go last month?   #  Yes , he likes cats.   Does he like cats?   # Her uncle will come tomorrow .     When will her uncle come?   # This is Gita’s pen.   Whose pen is this?   # Sam stayed at school to complete the project work.     Why did Sam stay at school?   # They stayed in Chennai for a week .     How long did they stay in Chennai?   # Keerthi gets Rs 50,000 salary from her job.     How much salary d