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Voice Part-1



Look at the following sentence.

Leena wrote an essay. 

We can divide the sentence as follows:

Leena – Subject;

wrote – Verb;

an essay – Object.

The person in the subject place, i.e., Leena has actually done something, i.e., wrote. She is active. When the subject in a sentence is active and doing something, we can comfortably say that the sentence is in active voice.

We can rewrite the above sentence in another way without changing the meaning.

An essay was written by Leena. 

In this sentence, the subject, i.e., 'an essay' is not doing anything. But something has been done to it. So, it  is not active that means it is passive. When the subject of a sentence is not active and is the receiver of the action, that sentence is said to be in passive voice.


There are some rules to be followed while changing a sentence from active voice to passive voice. They are:

1. The Object of the sentence becomes the Subject.

2. Verb takes ‘be’form + Past Participle V3.

3. The subject becomes the Object of the sentence.

                       Note: The tense of the verb doesn’t change in the passive voice

 

Examples:

1. Tanya writes novels.  ( Active Voice )

 Novels are written by Tanya. ( Passive Voice )

 

2. The girls are playing football. ( AV )

Football is being played by the girls. ( PV )

 

3. Suneetha was singing songs at that time. ( AV )

Songs were being sung by Suneetha at that time. ( PV )


4. Pranay has made many kites.   ( AV )

Many kites have been made by Pranay. ( PV )

 

5. He will send an email tomorrow. ( AV )

An email will be sent by him tomorrow. ( PV )

 

6. She will have finished the novel by the next month. ( AV )

The novel will have been finished by her the next month. ( PV )

 

Practice

Transform the voice of the following sentences

1. Seetha has bought a new dress.

2. R.K. Narayan wrote 'The Guide'. 

3. Leela will teach this lesson. 

4. I am posting a link now. 

5. Divya will meet them tomorrow. 


 



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