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Relative Pronouns

We are going to learn how to use Relative Pronouns .     The common relative pronouns are: who , whom , whose , which , and that .          These pronouns introduce relative clauses. What relative pronoun we should use entirely depends upon what we are referring to.    Observe how I am going to combine two sentences with the help of relative pronouns.   * I am going to attend a meeting. It will discuss the importance of vaccination. I am going to attend the meeting which will discuss the importance of vaccination.   * Ramu met Trisha. She was very unhappy. Ramu met Trisha  who was very unhappy.   * Neetu is a kind woman. Mukesh liked her. Neetu is a kind woman whom Mukesh liked.   * Daniel likes that house. The owner doesn’t want to sell it. Daniel likes that house whose owner doesn't want to sell it.   * Gopal needs to catch the train. It comes at 5 pm. Gopal needs to catch the train that comes at 5 pm.   * A car crashed into the building. It is completely damaged. The car whi

Prepositions of Time

Let’s learn Prepositions of Time  now. # ‘ in ’ : We use ‘ in ’ for months, seasons, years, centuries, times of day, longer periods of time Examples:  Kavita visited her grandparents in March. The government will pass the bill in winter. Krithi was born in 2003. The World changed drastically in the 20th  Century. Janilia doesn’t cook food in the morning. The Internet started in the 1980s.   # ‘ on ’ :  It is used for days of the week, parts of the days, dates, and special days. Examples:  Sri will go there on Tuesday. I met Bhagat on Wednesday evening. Stephen Hawking died on 14 March 2018. Isha got many wishes on her birthday.   # ‘ at ’ :  This is used for clock times, festivals etc. Examples:  Fareed will meet him at 7:30 pm today. I am going to meet my every Christian friend at Christmas. ( holiday period ) It is not safe to travel at night.   # ‘ Ago ’ :  It refers to the period of time that is complete Examples:  Usha arrived here three months ago. That book was written a long ti

Present Perfect

Present Perfect :   The Present Perfect is formed with ‘ has/have + the Past Participle ’ * The Present Perfect is used for the actions that started in the past and completed just now . Examples:  Adah has just returned from Chennai. I have finished the breakfast just now. * Present Perfect is also used for an action that began in the past  and is going on at present . Examples: Seetha has lived in Guntur all her life. ( She is still living there ) They have been married for nearly twenty years. ( They are still in the marital relationship )   * Present Perfect is used for the past actions which are still relevant . Examples:  I left my bike at home. I have lost its keys. Maria is not at home, she has gone to the market.   * The following adverbs are used with Present Perfect when referring to the recent past. Recently, just, so far, until now, ever, yet, never Examples:  The scientists have recently discovered the neurological causes of Alzheimer disease. Have you ever seen a camel? S

Question Tags Part-1

Question Tags are more common in speaking than in writing. These are special constructions in the English Language. Question Tags are small questions that are attached to the statements. We use them when we expect the listener to agree with our statement. Let’s see how we use them in sentences.   # When the statement is positive, we use a negative question tag. She is a teacher, isn’t sh e? Yesterday was very hot, wasn’t it?   #   If the statement is negative, we use positive question tag. Suresh is not coming, is he? She has not attended the party, has she?     # If there is an auxiliary verb in the statement, we have to use it in the question tag The watchman didn’t come, did he? Your brother has gone to Kanpur, hasn’t he?   It is raining outside, isn’t it?     # When there is no auxiliary verb in the statement, we use don’t/didn’t/doesn’t in the tags. Arundhati writes novels, doesn’t she? I told him not to come, didn’t I?   # If there is a modal verb in the statement, we use that ve

Proverbs Part-1

  We are going to learn a few proverbs and their meanings now. * Adversity and loss make a man wise :  We gain wisdom after experiencing difficulties Example:  After suffering heavy losses at the initial stage, now she is making big profit in her business. It’s rightly said adversity and loss make a man wise.   * All that glitters is not gold :  Outward appearance is often deceptive Example:  Many people who went to Dubai have become bonded labourers there. All that glitters is not gold.    * Don’t blow your own trumpet :  We should not talk proudly about our achievements Example:  Don’t blow your trumpet in front of her, she may misunderstand you.   * Don’t judge a book by its cover : You can’t form an opinion about others just from their outward appearance. Example:  Don’t judge a book by its cover! He is a very good man, though he appears rude.   * Every cloud has a silver lining :  Every negative situation can result in some benefit to you Example:  The Covid Crisis has dimini